The Gulf of Mexico Alliance is a partnership of the states of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas, with the goal of significantly increasing regional collaboration to enhance the ecological and economic health of the Gulf of Mexico. The five U.S. Gulf States have identified six priority issues that are regionally significant and can be effectively addressed through increased collaboration at local, state, and federal levels:
- Water Quality
- Habitat Conservation and Restoration
- Ecosystem Integration and Assessment
- Nutrients and Nutrient Impacts
- Coastal Community Resilience
- Environmental Education
The Gulf of Mexico is the ninth largest water body in the world, accounting for half the wetlands in the United States and teeming with life, ranging from crabs and shrimp to deepwater corals living thousands of feet below the surface. With some thousands of miles of shoreline from Cape Sable, Florida to the tip of the Yucatan Peninsula, the Gulf’s coastal habitats are being threatened by human activity and processes accelerated by anthropogenic inputs such as erosion, subsidence, and sea level rise.